Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)
Topic 1: Sustainable Global Supply Chains
The UN Global Compact ranks supply chain practices as the biggest challenge to improving their sustainability performance. Due to the scale and complexity of many supply chains, especially in big businesses whose business methods have the largest impact on the environment, it becomes very difficult to change current practices to set higher, environmentally friendly expectations on aspects of their supply chain such as selection, training, auditing and remediation. However, regardless the challenge it may bring, bringing an element of sustainability to global supply chain management is crucial because it does not just influence environmental factors, but humanitarian ones as well. It is estimated that only 90 of the world’s biggest companies have caused almost two thirds of the overall level of man-made global warming. Regulating such businesses has already been difficult, but as globalization continues to push big business towards outsourcing in search of expanding their global supply chains, it will become even more difficult to track and regulate their actions. That is why it is imperative that work is done now towards demanding greater accountability on part of international companies, regulating their actions most specifically those that notoriously negatively impact the environment, and enforcing those rules through innovative, functional methods of oversight.
Topic 2: Question of the Western Sahara
The dispute over the ultimate status of Western Sahara, most specifically on the legitimate exercise of self determination, has led to a tense and problematic impasse both in the region and the international community at large. The Western Sahara remains Africa’s last colony, with its people, the Sahrawis, desperately seeking the relief that they hope will come with self-determination. Over half the population of Sahrawi people currently live as refugees in their own country, surviving in desert or military occupied camps. Even though the right to formal self determination was legally established more than 20 years ago, the United Nations remains unable to carry out the tasks necessary to begin the process of referendum, due to an unwilling Security Council barring further action and a General Assembly that has relinquished its historical role in decolonization efforts. After 20 years of desperate waiting, it is crucial the Special Political and Decolonization Committee rises to the challenge of overcoming the impasse within the United Nations, and oversee the process of self-determination for Western Sahara.
Republic of Lithuania
Papua New Guinea
Republic of Korea
United Arab Emirates
Commonwealth of Australia
Republic of Croatia
Kingdom of Cambodia
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America
Federative Republic of Brazil
Kingdom of Thailand